文化復振：西拉雅、馬卡道、大武壠 Cultural Revitalization : The Siraya, The Makatao, and the Taivoan Peoples
The Plains indigenous peoples in the southern part of Taiwan (Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung, and Pingtung) consist of the Siraya, the Makatao, and the Taivoan peoples. In the seventeenth century, the area where the Siraya people had lived witnessed the arrival of the Dutch colonizers as well as the immigration of Han farmers. It soon became a place throbbing with cultural exchanges among different ethnic groups. In 1829 (the ninth year of the Daoguang reign in the Qing dynasty), groups of Pingpu peoples started moving eastward towards Taitung and Hualien, getting in touch with the indigenous peoples in the Eastern part of Taiwan and generating a distinctive Austronesian culture. In 2001, the Pingpu peoples headed to the Legislative Yuan to hold a public hearing, and the “Plains Indigenous Peoples Recognition Movement” began. In 2005, the Tainan County government became the first county government to recognize the Siraya people as the county-level indigenous people: for those who were registered as shu-fan (Taiwanese indigenous peoples who took residence in the general administration region) in the Japanese period’s census, they could use a 1956 provincial document to register themselves as Pingpu peoples. In 2013, the Fuli Township office in Hualien County recognized local Taivoan people. In 2016, the Pingtung County government announced the recognition of local Makataos.
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